Lakes Lagoons Waterfalls and Rivers: Lake Titicaca

Lake Titicaca, the highest lake in the world, is located in the provinces of Puno, San Román, Huancané and Moho to the north and the provinces of Ilave, Chucuito, Yunguyo and Desaguadero to the south, in the department of Puno. It has an average altitude of 3,810 masl and covers 36,180 hectares.

The lake boasts wild flora and fauna and is at the center of many cultural traditions of the people who live in the region. The great biological diversity of the lake includes the Titicaca duck and the famous giant Titicaca frog, known as kelli or huankele.

The communities that live on the islands of this far reaching lake offer several experience-based tourism activities, providing an excellent opportunity for immersion in the local culture.

The entire length of the Peruvian part of Lake Titicaca was recognized by the Ramsar Convention on January 20th 1997, and it is considered a wetland of international importance, especially as a habitat for water birds.

Of the almost 8,600 km2 ( 3,320.5 square miles) of the lake, over half of it is in Peruvian territory. The lake itself has been divided into three areas: the Large or Chucuito Lake (with a maximum depth of 283 meters (928 feet)), the Smaller or Wiñaymarca Lake and the Puno bay. The lake has five main tributary rivers: Ramis, Huancané, Coata, Ilave and Suches. The lake’s only discharge occurs through the Desaguadero River (which represents only 9% of the total), while the rest is lost through evaporation. Water temperatures vary between 11 °C (52° F) and 14 °C (57° F).

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