Fast Facts

Fast Facts

Here are some key facts about Peru:

  • Geographical location: Peru is a country located in the western part of South America. It is bordered to the north by Ecuador and Colombia, to the east by Brazil, to the southeast by Bolivia, to the south by Chile and to the west by the Pacific Ocean.
  • Capital: The capital of Peru is Lima, which is located on the central coast of the country. Lima is the largest city in Peru and is considered the political, economic and cultural centre of the country.
  • Language: The official language of Peru is Spanish. However, several indigenous languages, such as Quechua and Aymara, are also spoken, especially in the Andean regions.
  • Population: Peru’s population is estimated to be approximately 33 million in 2021. It is one of the most populous countries in Latin America.
  • Currency: The official currency of Peru is the Peruvian Nuevo Sol (PEN). It is advisable to carry some cash in local currency for everyday transactions, although it is also possible to use credit and debit cards in most establishments.
  • Cultural heritage: Peru has a rich history and diverse cultural heritage. It was home to ancient civilisations such as the Incas, whose vestiges can still be found in archaeological sites such as Machu Picchu and the city of Cusco. In addition, there are numerous notable colonial and architectural sites throughout the country.
  • Gastronomy: Peruvian cuisine is world-renowned for its diversity and exquisiteness. Emblematic dishes such as ceviche, lomo saltado and cuy chactado are just a few examples of Peru’s varied gastronomic offerings.
  • Natural resources: Peru is rich in natural resources, including minerals such as copper, gold and silver. It is also rich in biodiversity, with the Peruvian Amazon rainforest being one of the most biodiverse regions on the planet.
  • Tourist highlights: Peru offers a wide range of tourist destinations. Some of the most popular places include Machu Picchu, Lake Titicaca, the city of Cusco, the Paracas National Reserve, the Colca Canyon and the Nazca Lines.
  • National Holiday: July 28th is Peru’s Independence Day, which is the country’s bank holidays. During this date, parades, cultural events and patriotic activities take place all over the country.

Here are just a few key facts about Peru. The country offers a wide variety of cultural, natural and historical experiences that make it an attractive destination for visitors.


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